Social Science : Economics : Chapter 2 : Employment in India and Tamil Nadu
I. Choose the correct answer
1. We take age group …………… years for computation of the workforce.
Ans : b) 15–60
2. Which is the correct sequence of various sectors in GDP of India in the descending order?
- Primary sector, Secondary sector, Tertiary sector
- Primary sector, Tertiary sector, Secondary sector
- Tertiary sector, Secondary sector, Primary sector
- Secondary sector, Tertiary sector, Primary sector
Ans : a) Primary sector, Secondary sector, Tertiary sector
3. Which one of the following sectors is the largest employer in India?
- Primary Sector
- Secondary Sector
- Tertiary Sector
- Public sector
Ans: a) Primary Sector
4. Which one of the following is not in Primary Sector?
Ans : b) Manufacturing
5. Which one of the following is not in the Secondary Sector?
- Small Scale Industry
Ans : d) Forestry
6. Tertiary Sector include/s ……………
- All of these
Ans : d) All of these
7. Which sector is not included in the occupational pattern?
- Primary sector
- Secondary sector
- Tertiary sector
- Private sector
Ans : c) Tertiary sector
8. Match the List I with List II using the codes given below:
|a) Agriculture, Forestry, Fishery and Mining||1. Unorganised sector|
|b) Manufacturing, Electricity Gas and Water Supply||2. Service Sector|
|c) Trade, Transport and Communication||3. Secondary sector|
|d) Unincorporated Enterprises and Household industries||4. Primary Sector|
A B C D
a) 1 2 3 4
b) 4 3 2 1
c) 2 3 1 4
d) 3 2 4 1
Ans : b) 4 3 2 1
9. Which Delhi Sultan of medieval India formed ‘Employment Bureau’ to solve the unemployment problem?
- Muhamad Bin Tugluq
- Allauddin Khilji
- Feroz Shah Tugluq
Ans : c) Feroz Shah Tugluq
10. …………… sector is registered and follows government rules.
Ans : b) Organised
11. …………… sector provides job security and higher wages
- Public sector
- Organised sector
- Unorganised sector
- Private sector
Ans : b) Organised sector
12. Find the odd one.
- Small Scale Industry
Ans : d) Small Scale Industry
13. The sectors are classified into Public and Private sectors on the basis of
- number of workers employed
- nature of economic activity
- ownership of enterprises
- employment conditions
Ans : c) ownership of enterprises
14. Assertion (A) : The unorganised sector of the economy characterised by the household Manufacturing activity and small-scale industry.
Reason (R) : Jobs here are low paid and often not regular.
- Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) explains (A)
- Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) does not explain (A)
- (A) is correct and (R) is false
- (A) is false and (R) is true
Ans : a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) explains (A)
15. People who employ workers and pay rewards for their work is termed as ……………
Ans : b) Employer
16. …………… continues to be the largest employer in Tamil Nadu.
- Small Scale Industry
Ans : a) Agriculture
II. Fill in the blanks:
1. In …………. sector, the employment terms are not fixed and regular.
Ans : Unorganised
2. Economic activities are classified into …………. and …………. sectors.
Ans : Private and Public
3. …………. has always featured as an important element of development policy in India.
Ans : Employment
4. Employment pattern changes due to ………….
Ans : Life style of the people
5. The nature of employment in India is ………….
Ans : Multi dimensional
6. …………. of the economy is the number of people in the country, who work and also capable of working.
Ans : Labour force
7. Public sector means ………….
Ans : Government undertaking
III. Match the following
|1. Public sector||Banking|
|2. Private sector||Poultry|
|3. Primary sector||Profit motive|
|4. Tertiary sector||Service motive|
Ans: 1 – D, 2 – C, 3 – B, 4 – A
IV. Give short answers:
1. What is labour force of the economy?
Labour force of the economy is the number of people in the country who work and also capable of working.
2. Why are children and old age (above 60 years) are not considered for computation
- We take age group of 15-60 years of age are excluded for the computation of workforce.
- Persons who are less this 15 years are considered as children and person who have crossed 60 years of age are exclude as they are not physically fit to undertake productive occupation.
3. What are the three sectors of an economy?
- Primary or agriculture sector
- Secondary or industrial sector and
- Tertiary or service sector
4. Agriculture, despite a sharp decline in Gross Domestic Product, continues to be the largest employer in Tamil Nadu. Give reason.
Agriculture, despite a sharp decline in gross domestic product, continues to be the largest employer in Tamil Nadu. This is because the non-agriculture sectors are yet to generate enough employment to affect a shift of labour force.
V. Answer in detail:
1. Explain: (a) primary sector (b) secondary sector and (c) tertiary sector.
Primary sector :
Agriculture, forestry animal husbandry, poultry, dairy farming, fishing etc. are Primary Sector.
Secondary sector :
Manufacturing, small and large- scale industries and constructional activities. Secondary Sector.
Tertiary sector :
Transport, insurance, banking, trade, communication, real estate, government and non-government services.
2. Explain the employment structure of India.
- The economy is classified into three sectors: primary or agriculture sector, secondary or industrial sector and tertiary or service sector.
- The structure of employment denotes the number of workers engaged in different sectors of the economy. One can find in developing countries like India that a large work force will be engaged in primary sector, while a small proportion in secondary and tertiary sectors.
- In well-developed countries, the proportion of work force engaged in agriculture will be very small and a majority of labour force will be in the industrial and tertiary sectors.
- Employment has always featured as an important element of development policy in India. Employment growth has increased at an average rate of 2% during the past four decades since 1972–73.
3. Compare the employment conditions prevailing in the organised and unorganised sectors.
Employment conditions under organized Sectors:
- This sector works according to certain rules and regulations given in the law.
- Organised sector has some formal processes and procedures.
- The employees in this sector are provided with job security and receive higher wages than those of the unorganised sectors.
- Organised sector gives good salary, fixed working hours, paid holidays and provides medical allowance and insurance also.
Employment conditions under unorganized Sectors:
- Jobs here are low paid and often not regular.
- Mostly, they do not have paid leave, holiday, leave due to sickness and so on.
- Employment is not secure. When there is no work, people are asked to leave the job.
- In the unorganised sector, the employment terms are not fixed and regular. They do not enjoy any special benefits or job security.
- These enterprises are not registered with the government.
4. Distinguish between the Public sector and the Private sector.
Economic activities are classified into public and private sector based on who owns assets and is responsible for the delivery of services. The differences between the Public and Private sectors are as follows
|Public Sector||Private Sector|
|1. Service motive.||Profit motive.|
|2. Government owns the assets.||Private individuals own the assets.|
|3. Wages are paid by the government.||Wages are paid by the owner or private enterprises.|
|4. NLC, SAIL, BSNL, etc are the examples of Public Sector.||TVS motors, Ashok Leyland, TATA Steel, etc are the examples of Private Sector.|