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Samacheer Kalvi 8th Social Science Books English Medium The Judiciary

Social Science : Civics : Chapter 7 : The Judiciary

I. Choose the correct answer

1. The highest and final judicial tribunal of India is

  1. President
  2. Parliament
  3. Supreme Court
  4. Prime Minister

Ans : Supreme Court

2. Judicial system provides a mechanism for resolving disputes between

  1. Citizen
  2. Citizen and the government
  3. Two State governments
  4. all the above

Ans : all the above

3. Dispute between States of India comes to the Supreme court under

  1. Original jurisdiction
  2. Appellate jurisdiction
  3. Advisory jurisdiction
  4. none of these

Ans : Original jurisdiction

4. Which of the following state/ Union territories have a common High Court?

  1. Punjab and Jammu Kashmir
  2. Assam and Bengal
  3. Punjab, Haryana and Chandigarh
  4. Uttar Pradesh and Bihar

Ans : Punjab, Haryana and Chandigarh

5. The System of Public Interest Litigation has been introduced in India by

  1. Supreme Court
  2. Parliament
  3. Political parties
  4. Constitutional amendments

Ans : Supreme Court

6. How many courts are there in apex level in India?

  1. One
  2. Two
  3. Three
  4. Four

Ans : One

7. Supreme court is located at

  1. Chandigarh
  2. Bombay
  3. Calcutta
  4. New Delhi

Ans : New Delhi

8. FIR means

  1. First Information Report
  2. First information Result
  3. First Incident Report
  4. None of these

Ans : First Information Report

9. The court that hear criminal cases are called

  1. District court
  2. Sessions court
  3. Family court
  4. Revenue court

Ans : District court

II. Fill in the Blanks.

1. The ………………… High Court is the oldest High Court in India.

Ans : Calcutta

2. The framers of the Constitution established ………………… and ………………… judiciary in India.

Ans : Independent and Impartial

3. ………………… a famous French philosopher propounded the idea of an independent judiciary.

Ans : Montesquieu

4. ………………… deals with disputes over money, property and social matters.

Ans : Civil Law

5. During ancient times, most of the Kings’ courts dispensed justice according to …………………

Ans : dharma

III. Choose the option which matches the following correctly 

1. Supreme Courtsocial duties
2. High Courtspeedy justice
3. Lok Adalathighest court of appeal
4. Sir Elijah Impeyhighest court in the States
5. Smiritischief justice

Ans : 1 – C, 2 – D, 3 – B, 4 – E, 5 – A

IV. State true or false.

1. The Supreme Court of India was inaugurated on 28th January 1951. 

Ans : False

2. During the Tughlaq period, the code of procedure was written in Arabic

Ans : True

3. The Regulating Act of 1773 made provision for the formation of Supreme Court.

Ans : True

4. Sadar Diwani Adalat was a Criminal court of appeal.

Ans : False

5. The Allahabad High Court is the largest court in India.

Ans : True

6. The Constitution of India secures justice to all its citizen.

Ans : True

V. Choose the correct statement.

1. Consider the following statements.

i) A law commission was setup by Macaulay.

ii) It codified the Indian Laws.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

  1. i only
  2. ii only
  3. Both i and ii
  4. Neither i nor ii

Ans : Both i and ii

2. Consider the following statements.

i) An Indian Penal Code was prepared in 1860.

ii) The Calcutta High Court was established on 1862.

iii) The Government of India Act, 1935 created Federal Court.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. i only
  2. ii, iii only
  3. i,iii only
  4. All the above

Ans : All the above

3. Which of the following statement is not true about India’s Supreme Court?

i) The Supreme Court of India is the highest court of the land.

ii) It was established by part V under Chapter IV of Indian Constitution.

iii) Supreme court cannot transfer cases from one High court to another

iv) Its decisions are binding on all courts

  1. i
  2. ii
  3. iii
  4. iv

Ans : iii

4. Assertion: The Supreme Court is a Court of Record.

Reason: It maintains records of the court proceedings and its decisions are finding upon the lower courts.

  1. A is correct and R is wrong.
  2. Both A and R are Wrong
  3. A is correct and R explains A
  4. A is correct and R does not explain A

Ans : A is correct and R explains A

5. Agree or disagree

a) Every citizen of India can approach the Supreme court.

Ans : Agree

b) Rich and powerful people control the judiciary system.

Ans : Disagree

c) Every citizen has a right to get justice through the courts.

Ans : Agree

d) Politicians can not control over judges

Ans : Agree

V. Choose the correct statement.

1. Consider the statement related to Armed forces.

i) The Indian Army is the land based branch of Armed forces.

ii) The mission of Indian Army is not only ensure the national security but also conducts humanisation rescue operations.

  1. i only
  2. ii only
  3. Both i and ii
  4. Neither i nor ii

Ans : i only

2. Assertion: The President is the Supreme Commander of the Armed forces of India.

Reason: The President is the head of the State and occupies the highest position.

  1. A is correct and R explains A
  2. A is correct and R does not explain A
  3. A is correct and R is wrong
  4. Both A and R are wrong

Ans : A Is correct and R explains A

3. Assertion : India has favoured international co-operation.

Reason : She believes that all disputes among nations can be solved through friendly cooperation.

  1. A is correct and R is wrong
  2. Both A and R are wrong
  3. A is correct and R explains A
  4.  A is correct and R does not explain A

Ans : A is correct and R explains A

4. Which of the following statements is not true about “Apartheid?”

i) Apartheid is a policy of racial discrimination.

ii) It is against humanism.

iii) The policy of racialism is practised in India.

  1. i and ii
  2. ii and iii
  3. ii only
  4. iii only

Ans : iii oniy

5. Find the odd one out .

  1. Maldives
  2. Sri Lanka
  3. Myanmar
  4. Lakshadweep

Ans : Lakshadweep

VI. Answer the following in one or two sentences

1. Why do we need judicial system?

We need judicial system to ensure proper justice to all. It administers justice, settle disputes interprets laws, protect fundamental rights and acts as guardian of constitution.

2. What are the different levels of courts in India?

The different levels of courts in India are

  • Supreme Court
  • High Court ’
  • District Court
  • Sub ordinate Court
  • Some of the sub – ordinate courts are Panchayat court, revenue, court, Lok Adalat Fast track court, Family court, Mobile Court and E – Court.

3. Differentiate Law and Judiciary.


System of rules imposed through a government or institution to govern people


The Judiciary or judicial system is the system of courts which administers justice in the name of state

4. Write a note on Lok Adalat.

  • Lok Adalat was set up to provide speedy justice.
  • It hears and settles the disputes in the language of the people in the public presence.
  • It is presided over by retired judge along with a lawyer and a social worker.

5. What are the advantages of mobile courts?

It would create greater awareness about the judicial system among rural masses, cut costs for them and sender justice as their doorstep.

VII. Answer the following in detail.

1. Write about the role of judiciary.

The role of judiciary can be classified as

Dispute Resolution:

  • The Judicial system provides resolving disputes between citizen, citizen and government.
  • Two state government the centre and the state government.

Judicial Review:

Power of declare a law unconstitutional if it believes that the law passed by the Parliament. Upholding the Law and Enforcing fundamental Rights:

Every Citizen can approach the courts if they believe that their fundamental rights have been violated.

2. Differentiate Civil Law and Criminal Law.

Civil LawCriminal Law
1. It deals with disputes over money property and social matters.Eg. Disputes relating to land, rent, marriage
dispute etc.,
• It deals with conducts or acts that the law defines as offences.Eg. Teft, murder, women harassment etc.,
2. Petition to be filed before the relevant court by the affected parties.• It usually begins with lodging of an FIR (First Information Report) with police investigation afer which a case is fled in the court
3. Sentences awarded in the form of money. Remuneration and as per the claimer.Punishment is awarded if proven guilty, the accused is sent to Jail.

3. Describe Jurisdiction of Supreme Court.

The Jurisdiction of Supreme Court are

Orginal jurisdiction:

Te Supreme Court can hear dispute for the frst time in that court only. It is mainly concerned disputes between the Union and one or more states and between two or more states.

Appellate Jurisdiction:

It can hear appeals against the decisions made by the High Court on the granting of certifcate by the High CourT

Advisory Jurisdiction:

The Court can report to the President its opinion about a question of the public importance referred to it by the President.

Writs Jurisdiction:

Te Writs are issued by the Supreme Court under Article 32 and by the High Courts under Article 226 of the Constitution of India.

Court of Record:

It maintains records of the court proceedings and its decisions are fnding upon the lower courts.

Special Powers:

It supervises the functioning of the lower courts.

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