Social Science : History : Chapter 8 : Status of Women in India through the ages
I. Choose the correct answer
1. Society is constantly changing with additions, assimilations and omissions from within and outside.
Ans : Human
2. The First women doctor in India was
- Muthulakshmi Ammaiyar
- Moovalur Ramamirdham
- Panditha Ramabai
Ans : Muthulakshmi Ammaiyar
3. The practice of sati was abolished in.
Ans : 1829
4. B.M Malabari was a
Ans : journalist
5. Which of the following was/were the reform movement(s)?
- Brahma Samaj
- Prarthana Samaj E
- Arya Sama
- all the above
Ans : all the above
6. The Bethune school was founded in by J.E.D. Bethune.
Ans : 1849
7. Which commission recommended to start primary schools for girls in 1882 ?
Ans : Hunter
8. Sarada’s child Marriage Bill fixing the minimum marriageable age for girls at.
Ans : 14
II. Fill in the Blanks.
1. ……………. society was setup by the Christian missionaries in 1819.
Ans : Alath Pemal Juvenile
2. ……………. of Sivaganga fought bravely against the British.
Ans : Velu nachiyar
3. Servants of India Society was started by ……………. .
Ans : Gopal Krishna Gokhale
4. ……………. was the one of the greatest social reformer of Tamil Nadu.
Ans : Periyar
5. Kandukuri Veeresalingam published a journal called ……………. .
Ans : Vivekavardhini
III Match the following.
|1 Theosophical society||Italian traveler|
|2. Sarada Sadan||Social evil|
|3. Wood’s Despatch||Annie Besant|
|4. Niccolo Conti||Pandita Rama Bhai|
Ans : 1 – C, 2 – D, 3 – E, 4 – A, 5 – B
IV. State true or false
1. Women were honoured in Rig Vedic period.
Ans : True
2. Devadasi system was a social evil.
Ans : True
3. Raja Rammohan Roy, was the pioneer of Indian social reform movement.
Ans : True
4. Reservation of 23 percent to women envisaged an improvement in the socio-political status of women.
Ans : False
5. The age of marriage was raised for boys and girls by the Sharda Act of 1930.
Ans : True
V. Choose the correct statement
1. Find out the correct pair.
- Women’s University – Prof. D.K. Karve
- Justice Ranade – Arya Samaj
- Widow Remarriage Act – 1855
- Rani Lakshmi Bhai – Delhi
Ans : Women’s University – Prof. D.K. Karve
2. Find the odd one out.
- Child marriage
- Devadasi system
- widow remarriage
Ans : widow remarriage
3. Consider the following Statements
i) Begum Hazarat Mahal, Rani Lakshmi Bhai of Jhansi led an armed revolt against the British
ii) Velunachiyar of Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu fought bravely against the British
Which of the statement (s) given above is/or correct?
- i only
- ii only
- i and ii
- neither i nor ii
Ans : i and ii
4. Assertion : Raja Rammohan Roy is most remembered by all Indians
Reason : He wiped out the evil practice of Sati form the Indian Society
- A and R are wrong
- A is correct and R is Wrong
- A is correct and R explains A
- A is correct and R does not explain A
Ans : A is correct and R explains A
VI. Answer the following in one or two sentences.
1. Name the prominent leaders who fought for the upliftment fo women.
Raja Rammohan Roy, Ishwar Chandra Vidhyasagar. Kandukuri, Veeresalingam, M.G. Ranade and B.M. Malabari, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Periyar E.V.R and many women Reformers.
2. List out some social evils?
Female infanticide, female foeticide, Child marriage, Sati, and Devadasi system.
3. Who were the notable women during the medieval period?
Razia Sultana, Queen Durgavati, Chand Bibi, NurJahan, Jahan nara, Jiyabai and Mirabai.
4. Mention the important women freedom fighters of India?
Vellunachiyar of Sivaganga, Begum Hazarat Mahal, Rani Lakshmi Bhai of Jhansi.
5. Give a note on Sati.
- Sati was social evil prevailed in Indian society.
- It means self – immolation of the widow on the funeral pyre of the husband earlier it was voluntary later it was forced by the widow’s relatives.
- It was abolished by Raja Rammohan Roy in 1829. .
VII. Answer the following.
1. Trace the role of women in freedom struggle.
- Many women freedom fighters played an important role in India .
- Some of them are velunachiyar of Sivaganga, Begum Hazarat Mahal, Rani Lakshmi Bhai of Jhansi.
- Thousands of women came out of their homes, boycotted foreign goods, marched in processions, defiet laws, received lathi charges and courted jails.
- Their participation in the struggle added a new dimension of mans character.
2. Explain the contribution of the Social reformers for the eradication of social evils.
- The Social reformers have contributed more for the eradication of social evils.
- Raja RamMohan Roy with the help of William Bentinck abolished Sati in 1829. Sati was declared illegal and punishable by law.
- Ishwar Chandra Vidhyasagar founded several girls schools and promoted widow remarriage and polygamy was abolished.
- Kandukuri Veeresalingam opened his first girls schools in 1874.
- M. G Ranade promoted widow remarriage and B.M Malabari abolished Child marriage.
- Gopal Krishna Gokhale worked for the spread of female education.
- Periyar E.V.R advocated women education and widow remarriage.
- Many women reformers also contributed to eradicate social evils.
3. Give a detailed account on the Impact of reform movement?
- The impact of reform movement are significant advances were made in the field of emancipation of women.
- It created of national awakening among the masses.
- It created the feeling of sacrifice service and rationalism.
- The practise of sati and infanticide were made illegal.
- It permitted widow remarriage.