Social Science : Geography : Chapter 6 : Industries
I. Choose the correct answer
1. Silk weaving and house hold industries come under the category of ………………….
- Small scale industry
- Large scale industry
- Marine based industry
- Capital intensive industry
Ans : Small scale industry
2. On the basis of ownership the industry can be divided into ……………… types
Ans : 4
3. Amul dairy industry is best example of ……………….. sector.
- Co-operative sector
- Joint sector
Ans : Co-operative sector
4. Iron and Steel and Cement Industries are the examples of ………………….. industries.
- Agro based
- Mineral based
- Forest based
- Marine based
Ans : Mineral based
5. Tertiary activity is divided into ……………….. types
Ans : 2
II. Fill in the Blanks.
1. Banking is a ……………. economic activity.
Ans : Tertiary
2. Tertiary activity is divided into ……………. and ……………. .
Ans : Quaternary and Quinary
3. Government decision making process comes under the ……………… category oftertiary economic activity.
Ans : Quinary
4. Raw material based perspective Cotton Textile industry is a ………………. industry.
Ans : Agro based
5. Capital required for establishing a large scale industry is more than ………………. .
Ans : One Crore
III Match the following.
|1. Judicial sector||Private Sector|
|2. TV telecasts||Non Geographical factor|
|3. Geographical factor||Quaternary activity|
|4. Capital||Raw materials|
|5. Bajaji Auto||Quinary activity|
Ans : 1 – E, 2 – C, 3 – D, 4 – B, 5 – A
IV. Distinguish the following.
1. Secondary economic activity and tertiary economic activity.
|Secondary Economic Activity||tertiary Economic Activity|
|It changes raw materials into usable products through processing and manufacturing||It provided essential services and support industries to function.|
|Eg: Bakery||Eg: Education|
2. Agro based and marine based industries.
|Agro Based Industry||Marine Based Industry|
|Industries which use plant and animal based products as raw materials.||Industries which use products from sea and oceans as raw materials.|
|Eg: Cotton textile||Eg: Sea food processing|
3. Large scale industries and small scale industries.
|Large Scale Industries||Small Scale Industries|
|The Capital required for the establishment of an industry is more than one crore||The Capital required for the establishment of an industry is less than one crore|
|Eg: Iron and Steel||Eg: Silk wearing|
V. Answer briefly.
1. Define industry.
It is a process by which the raw materials are changed in to finished products.
2. What is meant by economic activity?
Any action that involves in the production, distribution, consumption or service is an economic activity.
3. Name the major economic activities.
- Primary economic activity
- Secondary economic activity
- Tertiary economic activity.
4. What are the secondary economic activities? Give some examples.
The activity which changes raw materials into usable products through processing and manufacturing
eg: Bakery, factory.
5. What is Quinary activity? Elucidate with an example.
The activity which refer to the high level decision making processes by executive in various departments.
eg: council of minister
6. Name the factors responsible for the location of industries.
Raw material, Labour, Capital, Market, Power, Land, Transport
7. Write a short note on the following
Large scale industries
The capital required for the establishment of an industry is more than one crore.
Small scale industries
The Capital required for the establishment of an industry is less than one crore.
VI. Write in detail.
1. Classify and explain the industries based on the source of raw materials.
On the basis of raw materials are
Agro based industries
Plants and animals based products are used as raw materials
Eg: cotton textile industry
Mineral Based industries:
Industries using mineral ores as raw material
Eg: Cement industry
Marine based industries:
Industries which are using sea and ocean products as raw material.
Eg: Processed sea foods.
Forest based industries
Industries which use forest products as raw material.
Eg: Pulp & Paper
2. Explain the Geographical factors which affect the location of industries?
The geographical factors which affect the location of industries
Materials cannot be transported for long distances, so industries are located near the raw material availability.
Power is the basic for industry so its generated from conventional sources which should be located near the industries.
Availability of cheap and skilled labour is more important.
Availability of easy transportation always influences the industry location.
Storage and ware housing:
Finished products should be stored at suitable storage or warehouse till the goods are taken to the market.
The selected site should be flat; which is supported by different transport
- Extreme climate condition is not suitable for the successful industrial growth. Water Resources:
- Many industries are established near rivers, canals and lakes for proper functioning.