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Samacheer Kalvi 8th Social Science Books English Medium Educational Development in India

Social Science : History : Chapter 5 : Educational Development in India

I. Choose the correct answer

1. The word ‘Veda’ is derived from _________.

  1. Sanskrit
  2. Latin
  3. Prakrit
  4. Pali

Ans : Sanskrit

2. Which of the following was an important centre for the learning in the ancient period?

  1. Gurukula
  2. Viharas
  3. Palli
  4. All of these

Ans : Gurukula

3. Nalanda, the oldest university in India was located in

  1. Uttar Pradesh
  2. Maharashtra
  3. Bihar
  4. Punjab

Ans : Bihar

4. When did the UNESCO declare Takshashila as world heritage site?

  1. 1970
  2. 1975
  3. 1980
  4. 1985

Ans : 1980

5. Which European country were the first to start Modern System of Education in India?

  1. British
  2. Danish
  3. French
  4. Portuguese

Ans : Portuguese

6. Which of the following Charter Act made a provision for an annual grant one lakhs Rupees for the promotion of Education in India?

  1. Charter Act of 1813
  2. Charter Act of 1833
  3. Charter Act of 1853
  4. Charter Act of 1858

Ans : Charter Act of 1813

7. Which of the following Commission recommended to constitute the University Grants Commission?

  1. Sergeant Report, 1944
  2. Radhakrishnan Commission, 1948
  3. Kothari Commission, 1964
  4. National Education Policy, 1968

Ans : Radhakrishnan Commission, 1948

8. In which year the New Education Policy was introduced in India?

  1. 1992
  2. 2009
  3. 1986
  4. 1968

Ans : 1986

II. Fill in the Blanks.

1. The word ‘Veda’ means _________.

Ans : knowledge

2. Taxila ruins were discovered by _________.

Ans : Alexander Cunningham

3. _________ was the first ruler to establish a madrasa at Delhi.

Ans : Iltutmish

4. The New Education Policy was revised in _________.

Ans: 1992

5. _________ is the primary vehicle for implementing the provisions of the Right to Education Act of (RTE) 2009.

Ans : SSA

6. Mid-day meal program was introduced in schools in _________.

Ans : 1956

III Match the following.

1. I – TsingSaraswathi mahal
2. Francis XavierMagnacarta of Indian Education
3. Wood’s DespatchWestern Education in Madras
4. Sarafoji IIUniversity at Kochin
5. Sir Thomas MunroeChinese scholar

Ans : 1 – E, 2 – D, 3 – B, 4 – A, 5 – C

IV. State True or False

1. The writings of Charaka and Sushrutha were the sources of learning of medicine.

Ans : True

2. Temples were the centers of learning and played an active role in the promotion of knowledge.

Ans : True

3. The Jataka tales tell us that the kings and society took an active interest in promoting education.

Ans : True

4. Women education in India was not prevalent during the medieval period.

Ans : False

5. The RMSA scheme was implemented during tenth Five Year Plan.

Ans : False

V. Consider the following statements and tick the appropriate answer

1. i) The Nalanda University was founded in fifth century C.E.

ii) In ancient India teachers had complete autonomy in all aspects from selection of students to designing their syllabi.

iii) In ancient times the teacher was called Kanakkayar.

iv) The famous college during the Chola period was Kandhalur salai.

  1. i and ii are correct
  2. ii and iv are correct
  3. iii and iv are correct
  4. i, ii and iii are correct

Ans : i, ii and iii are correct

2. Find out the Correct Pair.

  1. Maktabs – Secondary School
  2. Macaulay’s Minutes of 1835 – English education
  3. Operation Blackboard – Secondary Education Commission
  4. Salabhogam – Lands were given to temples

Ans : b and d

VI. Answer the following in one or two sentences

1. Write about the importance of Gurukulas?

  • The main objective of the Gurukulas was to have complete learning, leading a disciplined life and realising one’s inner potential.
  • It strengthened the relationship between the Guru and the student.

2. Name the most notable universities that evolved in ancient India?

The most notable universities that emerged during ancient period were at Taxila, Nalanda, Valabhi, Vikramshila, Odantapuri and Jagaddala.

3. Write a short note on Taxila?

  • Taxila, an ancient Indian city now in Pakistan, is an important archaeological site.
  • The UNESCO declared it as a World Heritage Site in 1980.
  • Chanakya is said to have composed his Arthashastra here.

4. Mention the education centres fourished in Cholas period?

  • Ennayiram Vedic College
  • Tirubuvanai Vedic College
  • Thiruvidaikkalai library
  • Tiruvaduthurai Medical School

5. Expand SSA and RMSA.

  • SSA – Sarva Siksha Abhiyan
  • RMSA – Rastriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan

6. What do you know about RTE.?

RTE means Right to Education which provides free and compulsory education to all the children from the age of 6 to 14 years.

VII. Answer the following

1. What were the sources of education in ancient India?

  • The Writings of Panini, Aryabhata, Katyayana and Patanjali and medical treatises of Charaka and Sushruta were also some of the sources of learning.
  • Various disciplines such as history, logic, interpretation, architecture, polity, agriculture, trade, commerce, animal husbandry and archery were taught.
  • Physical education too was important.
  • To access student’s skills, literary debates were organised.
  • Students at advanced stage helped younger students. Thus peer learning was practiced.

2. Write a paragraph about the education under the British rule?

From early days to 1813:

  • The company’s charter was renewed in 1813.
  • This compelled the company to assume responsibility for education of Indians.
  • Charter Act of 1813 provided grants of 1 lakh for education in India.

From 1813 – 1853 :

  • Great Controversies.
  • Orientalists supported use of Sanskrit and Persian as medium of instruction.
  • Anglicists advocated dissemination of Western knowledge through English.
  • Macaulay’s minutes of 1835 set at rest all these controversies.

From 1854 – 1920 :

  • Period of an All-India Educational Policy.
  • The Wood’s Dispatch is called the ‘Magna Carta’.

From 1921 to 1947 :

  • Period of provincial autonomy.
  • Introduction of complete provincial autonomy by Government of India Act of 1935.
  • The sergeant report was prepared.

3. Describe the National Policy on Education?

  • The First National Education Policy of 1968 marked a significant step in the history of education in post-independent India.
  • In 1986, the Government of India, introduced a new Education policy to transfer a static society into a vibrant one with a commitment to development and change.
  • It called for the child-centred approach in primary education and launched operation blackboard.
  • It was revised again in 1992.
  • It envisaged the formulation of National Curriculum framework

4. Give a detailed account on education under Cholas?

  • The Chola period was the most brilliant and creative period in the Tamil literature.
  • Free Education was given to people.
  • The curriculum and syllabi had a theoretical background.
  • From the inscription of that period, we can now gain knowledge about the qualification of teacher, method of teaching, salary, food, land etc.
  • Tiruvidaikkal inscriptions mentions a library.

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