Social Science : History : Term 3 Unit 2 : The Post-Mauryan India
I. Choose the correct answer:
1. The last Mauryan emperor was killed by
Ans : Pushyamitra
2. …………… was the founder of Satavahana dynasty.
Ans : Simuka
3. ………………………………. was the greatest of all the Kushana emperors.
- Kadphises II
- Kadphises I
Ans : Kanishka
4. The Kantara School of Sanskrit flourished in the …………… during 2nd century BC.
- north-west India
- Gangetic Valley
Ans : north-west India
5. Sakas ruled over Gandhara region …………………. as their capital.
Ans : Sirkap
II. Read the Statement and tick the appropriate answer :
1. Assertion (A) : Colonies of Indo-Greeks and Indo-Parthians were established along the northwestern part of India.
Reason (R) : The Bactrian and Parthian settlers gradually intermarried anti intermixed with the indigenous population.
- Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A.
- Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A.
- A is correct but R is not correct.
- A is not correct but R is correct.
Ans : Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A
2. Statement I : Indo-Greek rulers introduced die system and produced coins with inscription and symbols, engraving figures on them.
Statement II : Indo-Greek rule was ended by the Kushanas.
- Statement I is wrong, but statement II is correct.
- Statement II is wrong, but statement I is correct.
- Both statements are correct.
- Both statements are wrong.
Ans : Statement II is wrong, but a statement I is correct
3. Circle the odd one
Pushyamitra, Vasudeva, Simuka, Kanishka
Ans : Kanishka
4. Answer the following in a word
1. Who was the last Sunga ruler?
2. Who was the most important and famous king of Sakas?
3. Who established Kanva dynasty in Magadha?
4. Who converted Gondophernes into Christianity?
III. Fill in the blanks
1. _________ was the founder of Indo-Parthian Kingdom.
Ans : Gonduphres
2. In the South, Satavahanas became independent after ________ death.
Ans : Asokas
3. Hala is famous as the author of ____________.
Ans : Sattasai
4. ___________ was the last ruler of Kanva dynasty.
Ans : Susarma
5. Kushana’s later capital was___________.
Ans : Peshavar or Purushpura
IV. True or False
1. Magadha continued to be a great centre of Buddhist culture even after the fall of the Mauryan Empire.
Ans : True
2. We get much information about Kharavela from Hathigumba inscription.
Ans : True
3. Simuka waged a successful war against Magadha.
Ans : False
4. Buddhacharita was written by Asvaghosha.
Ans : True
V. Match the following :
|3. King Kharavel||Indo-Parthians|
|4. Demetrius||Second grammarian|
Ans : 1 – D, 2 – E, 3 – A, 4 – B, 5 – C
VI. Find out the wrong statement from the following
- The Kushanas formed a section of the yueh-chi tribes who inhabited north-western China.
- Kanishka made Jainism the state religion and built many monasteries.
- The Great Stupa of Sanchi and the railings which enclose it belong to the Sunga period.
- Pan-Chiang was the Chinese general defeated by Kanishka.
Answer: Kanishka made Jainism the state religion and built many monasteries.
VII. Answer in one or two sentences.
1. What happened to the last Mauryan emperor?
- The last Mauryan emperor, Brihadratha, was assassinated by his own general, Pushyamitra Sunga.
- He established his Sunga dynasty in Magadha.
2. Write a note on Kalidasa’s Malavikagnimitra.
Agnimitra is said to be the hero of Kalidasa’s Malavikagnimitra (Agnimitra was the son of Pushyamitra)
3. Name the ruler of Kanva dynasty.
The Kanva dynasty produced four kings and their rule lasted only for 45 years.
The Kanvas rulers were
- Bhumi Mitra
4. Highlight the literary achievements of Satavahanas.
- The Satavahana king Hala was himself a great scholar of Sanskrit.
- Hala is famous as the author of Sattasai (Saptasati) 700 stanzas in Prakrit.
5. Name the places where Satavahana’s monuments are situated.
- Gandhara, Mathura, Amaravati, Bodha Gaya, Sanchi and Bharhut were known for splendid monuments and art.
- The Mathura School of Sculpture produced images and life-size statues of the Buddhist, Brahmanical and Jain deities.
6. Give an account of the achievements of Kadphises I.
- Kadphises I was the first military and political leader of the Kushanas.
- He overthrew the Indo-Greek and Indo-Parthian rulers.
- He established himself as a sovereign ruler of Bactria.
- He extended his power in Kabul, Gandhara and upto Indus.
7. Name the Buddhist saints and scholars who adorned the court of Kanishka.
- Kanishka was an ardent Buddhist.
- His court was adorned with a number of Buddhist saints and scholars, like Asvaghosha, Vasumitra and Nagarjuna.
VIII. Answer the following
1. Who invaded India after the decline of the Mauryan empire?
- The break-up of Mauiyan empire resulted in the invasions of Sakas, Scythians, Parthians, Indo-Greeks or Bactria Greeks and Kushanas from the north-west.
- In the South, Satavahanas became independent after Asoka’s death.
- There were Sunga and Kanvas in the north before the emergence of Gupta dynasty.
- Chedis (Kalinga) declared t heir independence.
- Though Magadha ceased to be the premier state of India, it continued to be a great centre of Buddhist culture.
2. Give an account of the conquests of Pushyamitra Sunga.
- Pushyamitra Sunga established his Sunga dynasty in Magadha.
- He extended his kingdom westward to include Ujjain and Vidisha.
- He successfully repulsed the invasion of Bactria king.
- He thwarted an attack from the Kalinga king, Kharavela.
- He also conquered Vidarbha.
3. Write a note on GautamiputraSatakarni.
- GautamiputraSatakarni was the greatest ruler of the family .
- In the Nasik prashasti, published by his mother GautamiBalasri, Gautamiputra Satakami is described as the destroyer of Sakas, Yavanas (Greeks) and Pahlavas (Parthians).
- The extent of the empire is also mentioned in the record.
- Their domain included Maharashtra, north Konkan, Berar, Gujarat, Kathiawar and Malwa.
- His ship coins are suggestive of Andhras’ skill in seafaring and their naval power.
- The Bogor inscriptions suggest that South India played an important role in the process of early state formation in Southeast Asia.
4. What do you know of Gondopharid dynasty?
- Indo – Parthian kingdom or Gondopharid dynasty was founded by Gondophernes.
- The domain of Indo-Parthians comprised Kabul and Gandhara.
- The name of Gondophernes is associated with the Christian apostle St. Thomas.
- According to Christian tradition, St.Thomas visited the court of Gondophernes
- St. Thomas converted Gondophernes to Christianity.
5. Who was considered the best known Indo-Greek King. Why?
- Menander was one of the best known Indo-Greek kings.
He is said to have ruled a large kingdom in the north-west of the country.
- His coins were found over an extensive area ranging from Kabul valley and Indus river to western Uttar Pradesh.
- MilindaPanha, a Buddhist text, is a discourse between Bactrian king Milinda and the learned Buddhist scholar Nagasena.
- This Milinda is identifed with Menander.
- Menander is believed to have become a Buddhist and promoted Buddhism.
6. Who was Sakas?
- Sakas as nomads came in huge number and spread all over northern and western India.
- They were against the tribe of Turki normads.
- They were Scthians, nomadic ancient Iranians.
- They were known as Sakas in Sanskrit.
- The Indo – Greek rule in India was ended by them.
7. Give an account of the religious policy of Kanishka.
- Kanishka was an ardent Buddhist.
- His empire was a Buddhist empire.
- He adopted Buddhism under the influence of Asvaghosha, a celebrated monk from Pataliputra.
- He was as equal as the exponent and champion of Mahayanism.
- He made Buddhism as the state religion.
- He built many stupas and monasteries in Mathura, Taxila and many other parts of his kingdom.
- He sent Buddhist missionaries to Tibet, China and many countries of Central Asia for the propagation of Buddha’s gospel.
- He organised the fourth Buddhist Council at Kundalavana near Srinagar to sort out the differences between the various schools of Buddhism. It was only in this council that Buddhism was split into Hinayanism and Mahayanism.