English : Term 1 Unit 3 : Prose : A Visitor from Distant Lands
Look at the pictures. What do their expressions tell you? Fill in the blanks with the item that tastes the same. One example is given for each.
1. Sweet : sugarcane Honey
2. Sour : lime Grapes
3. Bitter : bitter gourd Broccoli
4. Salty : salt Mango
5. Astringent : betel nut Rose water
6. Pungent : ginger Garlic
foreign – belongs to other country
merchants- people who trade
salied- travelled in a boat or ship
portuguese- people of potugal
adventurous- brave and bold
popular- well know
stubby- short and thick
READ AND UNDERSTAND
A. Work in pairs. Tick the best option.
1. When Amma said,’Don’t upset our foreign visitor’ she meant ___________________.
2. Selvi asked, ‘Did they come in an aeroplane?’ because she ___________________.
a) was joking
b) did not understand her mother
c) thought it would be fun
3. Amma bought the vegetables from the ___________________.
b) shopping mall
c) super market
B. Answer these questions.
1. Who first brought these vegetables to India?
The Portuguese brought vegetables first to India.
2. Who came to India from Portugal in search of pepper?
Vasco da Gama came to India from Portugal in search of pepper.
3. What did Amma mean when she said tomatoes, ladies’ fingers and corn came from other countries?
Mani’s teacher told the students that they show buy and eat locally grown food. So Mani said to his mother that he does not want to eat potato because they are foreign vegetables. This made to tell Mani that tomatoes, ladies finger and corn which Mani likes are also belong to other countries.
C. Read the comic strip again. Make groups of four and frame some questions on what you have read. Each group should ask a question in turns. You cannot repeat the same question. The team which asks more questions is the winner.
1. Which are the foreign vegetables mentioned?
2. What was sad for Columbus?
D. Discuss in groups and share your views in three or four sentences with others in the class.
* What is your favourite dish? Do you know the spices that go into it?
Add ‘r’ , ‘er’ or ‘or’ to get the name of the person who does the activity. Take turns in class to make sentences with the words you have formed.
e.g: A teacher is a person who teaches. Teach + er – Teacher.
use buy sail watch operate foreign bake write govern act
F. Complete this table with the help of the given example.
e.g: Portugal is the name of the country. People from Portugal are called the Portuguese.
COUNTRY – NATIONALITY
Ex: Portugal – Portuguese
France – French
China – Chinese
America (US) – American
Sri Lanka – Sri Lankan
Spain – Spanish .
Burma – Burmese
India – Indian
Thailand – Thai
G. Listen to some interesting facts about spices and choose the best option.
Red peppers have a lot of vitamin C which helps the body fight infections. Paprika (red chilli powder) made from red peppers has more vitamin C than even lemon juice. Only you cannot eat too much of it!
To get 1 pound (450 g) of dry saffron (kungumapoo in Tamil) it requires up to 75,000 flowers and 20 hours of labour. That is why it is so expensive.
Mints are not only given at the end of a meal in restaurants to help refresh your breath, but herbs like peppermint help settle nausea and upset stomach .
1. Red peppers have ___________________.
a. Vitamin A
b. Vitamin C
c. Vitamin D
Answer: b. Vitamin C
2. Red chilli is also called ___________________.
Answer: a. Paprika
3. One pound is equal to ___________________ grams.
Answer: b. 450
4. Mint leaves help to cure ___________________.
a. body pain
c. upset stomach
Answer: c. upset stomach
H. Work in pairs. Take turns and speak about spices.
Saritha: Hi Divya, how are you?
Divya: Hi, I’m fine Saritha.
Saritha: What did you have for breakfast?
Divya: Idly with onion chutney.
Saritha: Do you know from where onions come from Central Asia ?
Divya: Onions come from Central Asia.
Saritha: Do you know chilli too has come from somewhere else?
Divya: Is it from South America ?
Saritha: Yes chillies are from South America. You are right.
Divya: Many of the vegetables came from Portuguese.
Use two or three words from the box to describe each picture.
LANGUAGE CHECK POINT
Don’t Say: You should go to your house now.
Say: You should go home now.
Note: A house is any building used for dwelling in, and a home is the particular house in which someone lives.
Don’t Say: Stand in the middle of the circle.
Say: Stand in the centre of the circle.
Note: Centre is the point that is equidistant from the edge of a circle.Middle is the area equidistant from two sides eg. Middle of the road, row, page.
Don’t Say: It was a long travel.
Say: It was a long journey.
Note: Travel is the general term to describe going from one place to another. A journey is one single travel. You make journeys when you travel from one place to another. You cannot say a travel.
I. Correct the order of the words in bold and write them in the blanks.
1. Green little the chilli The green little chilli was very hot.
2. Sailors many brave Many brave sailors tried to find a sea route to India.
3. Brown dog the big The big brown dog barked at the children.
4. The spice most common The most common spice used today is the red chilli pepper.
5. The path mud long The long mud path led to a beautiful lake.
J. Play this game in the class. Make two teams.
Each team should describe something in the class using at least three words. The other team should guess it.
K. How do you cook rice in your house?
Fill in the gaps in this recipe for cooking rice. Use the words in the box.
wash boil water heat keep rice lid low water more ready
What you’ll need
* 1 cup uncooked white rice
* 2 cups water
* pinch of salt
How to make it
1. Wash the rice until the water runs clear.
2. Drain the water and keep aside.
3. In a medium sized pan, bring water to boil.
4. Add the salt, stir, and then add the rinsed and drained water.
5. Reduce the heat, cover the rice, and let it simmer on low heat for 20 minutes.
6. Check after 15 minutes to see if all the water has evaporated. If it has, the rice is ready.
7. If not, replace the rice and let the rice simmer for 5 more minutes.
8. Remove from lid and serve.
L. Work in groups.
* Discuss how your mother cooks rice in your house.
* Write down the ingredients you need like rice and water.
* List the steps in cooking. The words in the recipe above will help you.
* Each person in the group should tell others how rice is cooked in their house.
* Now write down the recipe.
M. Your mother has written a message for you before going out. Write a message to her after finishing your lunch.
Your mother’s message
Your lunch is in the kitchen. Please warm it and eat it. There is some curd in the pot if you want it. Clean up the kitchen after you finish eating. I will be back at 4 p.m. You can go out to play at 3.30 p.m. if you want but be back by 5.30 p.m.
Write about the following in your message.
* You ate lunch 1 P.M..
* What you liked curry (mention the dish).
* You have cleaned the kitchen after finished eating.
* You are going out to play. But be back by 5.30 pm (mention when you will be back).