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Samacheer Kalvi 10th Social Science Books English Medium State Government of India

Social Science : Civics : Chapter 3 : State Government of India

I. Choose the Correct Answer:

1. The Governor of the State is appointed by the

  1. Prime Minister
  2. Chief Minister
  3. President
  4. Chief Justice

Ans : President

2. The Speaker of a State is a

  1. Head of State
  2. Head of government
  3. President’s agent
  4. None of these

Ans : None of these

3. Which among the following is not one of the powers of the Governor?

  1. Legislative
  2. Executive
  3. Judicial
  4. Diplomatic

Ans : Diplomatic

4. Who can nominate one representative of the Anglo-Indian Community to the State Legislative Assembly?

  1. The President
  2. The Governor
  3. The Chief Minister
  4. The Speaker of State legislature

Ans : The Governor

5. The Governor does not appoint

  1. Chief Minister
  2. Chairman of the State Public Service Commission
  3. Advocate General of the State
  4. Judges of the High Court

Ans : Judges of the High Court

6. The State Council of Ministers is headed by

  1. The Chief Minster
  2. The Governor
  3. The Speaker
  4. The Prime Minister

Ans : The Chief Minister

7. The minimum age for the membership of the Legislative Council is

  1. 25 years
  2. 21 years
  3. 30 years
  4. 35 years

Ans : 30 years

8. Which one of the following States does not possess a bicameral legislature?

  1. Andhra Pradesh
  2. Telangana
  3. Tamil Nadu
  4. Uttar Pradesh

Ans : Tamil Nadu

9. The High Courts in India were first started at

  1. Calcutta, Bombay, Madras
  2. Delhi and Calcutta
  3. Delhi, Calcutta, Madras
  4. Calcutta, Madras, Delhi

Ans : Calcutta, Bombay, Madras

10. Which of the following States have a common High Court?

  1. Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh
  2. Kerala and Telangana
  3. Punjab and Haryana
  4. Maharashtra and Gujarat

Ans: c) Punjab and Haryana

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. Governor of the state government surrenders his resignation to _______.

Ans : President

2. Members of the Legislative assembly (MLAs) elected by the _______.

Ans : People

3. _______ acts as the chancellor of universities in the state.

Ans : Governor

4. The Chairman and Members of the State Public Service Commission can be removed only by the _______.

Ans : President

III. Match the following:

1. GovernorHead of the Government
2. Chief MinisterHead of the State
3. Council of MinistersTribunals
4. MLCResponsible for the Assembly
5. Armed forcescannot vote for grants

Ans: 1 – B, 2 – A, 3 – D, 4 – E, 5 – C

IV. Choose the correct statement

1. Assertion (A) : There are limitations on the Legislative authority of the State Legislature.

Reason (R) : Certain bills on the State List can be introduced in the State Legislature only with the President’s approval.

  1. (A) is false but R is true
  2. (A) is true but (R) is false
  3. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct reason for (A)
  4. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct reason for (A)

Ans : (A) is true but (R) is false

V. Answer the brief questions

1. What is the importance of the Governor of a state?

  • He is the representative of President of India and Central Government in the state.
  • After the election, the leader of the majority party will be called to form the Council of ministry by Governor. Then, the Governor invites the leader of house to form the government.
  • All the bills passed by Legislative Assembly have to get the approval of Governor.
  • The Governor can dissolve the house with the advice of chief minister.
  • He can recommend to the President to impose President Rule in the State.

2. What are the qualifi cations for the appointment of Governor?

  • He should be a citizen of India.
  • He must have completed 35 years of age.
  • He should not be a member of Parliament or of any State Legislature.
  • If he is a member of any of Legislature, he automatically vacates his seat on assuming the office.
  • He should not hold any other profitable occupation.

3. What is the original jurisdiction of the High Court?

  • The High Courts of the Presidency towns such as Bombay, Calcutta and Madras have both original and appellate jurisdictions.
  • Only in matters of admiralty, probate, matrimonial and contempt of Court, they have original jurisdiction.
  • The Presidency High Courts have original jurisdiction in which the amount involved is more than `2000 and in criminal cases which are committed to them by the President Magistrates.

4. What do you understand by the “Appellate Jurisdiction” of the High Court?

  • All High Courts entertain appeals in civil and criminal cases from their subordinate Courts as well as on their own. This is known as the ‘Appellate Jurisdiction’ of the High Court.
  • They have, however, no jurisdiction over tribunals established under the laws relating to the Armed Forces of the Country

VI. Answer in detail

1. What are the powers and functions of the Chief Minister?

The Chief Minister is the real executive head of the state administration. He has the following powers and functions.

Relating to the Council of Ministers:

  • The Chief Minister recommends the persons who can be appointed as ministers by Governor.
  • He presides over the meetings of the Council of Ministers and influences its decisions.
  • He can bring about the collapse of the Council of Ministers by resigning from office.
  • He guides, directs, controls and coordinates the activities of all the Ministers.

Relating to the Governor:

The Chief Minister is the principal channel of communication between the Governor and Council of Ministers. He advises the Governor in relation to the appointment of the following officials:

  • Advocate General of the State.
  • State Election Commissioner.
  • Chairman and members of the State Public Service Commission.
  • Chairman and members of the State Planning Commission.
  • Chairman and members of the State Finance Commission.

Relating to State Legislature:

  • The Chief Minister advises the Governor with regard to the summoning and proroguing the sessions of the State Legislature.
  • He announces the government policies on the floor of the House.
  • He can introduce the bills in the Legislative Assembly.
  • He can recommend for the dissolution of the Legislative Assembly to the Governor any time.

Other functions and powers:

  • As the leader of the ruling party, the Chief Minister has to control the party and develop the disciplines.
  • As the leader of the state, he has to keenly consider the demands of the different sections of the people.
  • As the political head of the various services, he has to supervise, control and co-ordinate the secretaries of various departments in the state level.
  • For smooth functioning of the state and for good centre – state relations, he has to develop a rapport with the union government.

2. Describe the legislative powers of the Governor.

The Governor is the head of the state executive and he has enormous powers. They are

Executive powers:

  • He appoints the leader of the majority party in the State Legislative Assembly as the Chief Minister of the state.
  • He appoints the Council of Ministers, Advocate – General, Chairman. He appoints the State Election Commissioner and members of the State Public Service Commission.
  • He acts as the Chancellor of universities in the state. He also appoints the Vice Chancellors of universities in the state.

Legislative powers:

The Governor is an integral part of the State Legislature.

  • He summons, prorogues the state legislature and dissolves the State Assembly.
  • He nominates one member to the State Legislature.
  • He nominates Ve of the members to the State Legislative Council.
  • A bill becomes a law only after his assent.

Financial powers:

  • Money Bills can be introduced in the State Legislature only with his prior recommendation.
  • No demand for any grant can be made except on his recommendation.
  • He can make advances out of the state contingency fund to meet any unforeseen expenditure.
  • He constitutes a Finance Commission after every five years.

Judicial powers:

  • He appoints the Attorney – General of the State.
  • He appoints Judges to the Subordinate Courts in the State.
  • The Chief Justice of the High Court in the State is appointed by the President in consultation with him.
  • He can pardon, commute or reprieve punishment.

Discretionary powers:

  • Governor recommends for the imposition of the President’s rule in the state.
  • He seeks information from the Chief Minister relating to the administrative and legislative matters of the state.
  • He can dissolve the Legislative Assembly if the Council of Ministers has lost its majority.

Emergency powers:

  • If the Governor is satisfied that the government of the state is not carried on the accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, he may, under Article 356, recommend to the President to impose President’s rule in that State.
  • As soon as the President’s rule is imposed, the administration of the state is carried on by the Governor.

3. Critically examine the functions and powers of the Council of Ministers.

  • The Council of Ministers formulates and decides the polices of the State and implements them effectively.
  • It decides the legislative programmes of the Legislative Assembly and sponsors all important Bills.
  • It controls the financial policy and decides the tax structure for the public welfare of the State.
  • It chalks out programmes and schemes for the socio – economic changes.
  • It makes the important appointments of the Heads of Departments.
  • It discusses and takes efforts on the dispute with other States.
  • It advises the Governor on the appointment of Judges of the Subordinate Courts.
  • It frames the proposal for incurring expenditure out of State reserves.
  • It decides all the Bills whether ordinary Bills or Money Bills to be introduced in the Legislative Assembly.
  • Each Minister of the Council of Ministers supervises, controls and coordinates the department concerned.
  • Annual Financial statement called as the Budget is finalised by the Council of Ministers.

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