Home | TNPSC Micro Topics | Intro to The Mughal Empire

Intro to The Mughal Empire


  • India had been invaded from the west/north-west several times over the centuries, beginning with Alexander.
  • Various parts of north India had been ruled by foreigners like the Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Kushans and Afghans.
  • The Mughals, descended from the Mongol Chengiz Khan and the Turk Timur, founded an empire in India which lasted for more than three centuries.
  • But we remember them not as rulers of foreign origin, but as an indigenous, Indian dynasty.
  • Babur was the founder of the Mughal empire which was established in 1526 after Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi in the battle of Panipat.
  • Thus a new epoch and a new empire in India began, lasting for nearly three centuries beginning from 1526 to 1857.
  • Six major rulers of this dynasty, Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb, known as the “Great Mughals”, left their mark on Indian history.
  • The empire declined after the death of Aurangzeb in 1707.
  • The empire formally ended a century and a half later, when power passed to the British crown after the great revolt of 1857.
  • At the height of its power the Mughal empire stretched from Afghanistan to Bengal and from Kashmir down to the Tamil region in the south.
  • Mughal rule created a uniform, centralized administration over the entire country.
  • The Mughals, especially Akbar, created a polity integrating Hindus and Muslims into a unified nation, forging a composite national identity.
  • In addition, the Mughals left behind a heritage of great architecture, literature and art which has enriched India.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *